This paper analyzes the actions of prominent Catholic leaders of Peruto exert influence on two fronts of national politics following the fall ofAugusto Leguía’s regime in 1930: on the one hand, in the design of a newconstitutional order and, on the other, to counter the anticlerical agendasof the new mass revolutionary movements, including the APRA party, theUnión Revolucionaria, and the Communist Party. This study focuses onthree initiatives that show the complexity of the positions of Catholic leadersregarding the political and social issues of that time: the formation of theUnión Popular party, the interventions of the Episcopal Assembly of Peruafter the 1931 elections, and the role of Catholics, especially of Víctor AndrésBelaunde, in the Constituent Assembly of 1932 and 1933.Keywords: Catholic political parties in Peru; Víctor Andrés Belaunde;Catholic Church and revolutionary movements; Social Catholicism; EpiscopalAssembly of Peru
Copyright © 2012-2013 Estudios Interdisciplinarios de América Latina y el Caribe.
Editores: R. Rein, G. Leibner, O. Preuss
Instituto Sverdlin de Historia y Cultura de América Latina, Escuela de Historia
Universidad de Tel Aviv, Ramat Aviv,
P.O.B. 39040 (69978), Israel.
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