This article analyzes requests for aid and compensation from royalists
displaced by war within the Spanish empire in a period of still unsettled
borders. It unpacks the terminology used both by the émigrés (emigrados)
and by officials in the receiving societies, such as Spain, Cuba, and Puerto
Rico, to demarcate the boundaries of inclusion and exclusion. The term
patria (homeland) expressed belonging but with ambiguous meanings that
could refer to one’s birthplace, the larger community of royal subjects, or
an emerging nation. When émigrés complained of being treated as outsiders
rather than compatriots, they expressed a bifurcated identity similar to
those exiled in foreign countries.
Copyright © 2012-2013 Estudios Interdisciplinarios de América Latina y el Caribe.
Editores: Ori Preuss; Nahuel Ribke
Instituto Sverdlin de Historia y Cultura de América Latina, Escuela de Historia
Universidad de Tel Aviv, Ramat Aviv,
P.O.B. 39040 (69978), Israel.
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