'Miss Sefaradi' and 'Queen Esther': Sephardim, Zionism, and Ethnic and National Identities in Argentina, 1933-1971

How to Cite

Brodsky, A. (2012). ’Miss Sefaradi’ and ’Queen Esther’: Sephardim, Zionism, and Ethnic and National Identities in Argentina, 1933-1971. Estudios Interdisciplinarios De América Latina Y El Caribe, 23(1), 35-60. Retrieved from http://eial.tau.ac.il/index.php/eial/article/view/302


In 1940, Esther Bahbouth, a Sephardi young woman representing the Centro Sionista Sefaradí (CSS), won the title of ‘Reina Esther’ in the Purim contest organized in Buenos Aires by the Keren Kayemet Leisrael (KKL).1 The Se- phardic community was ecstatic; it was the first time a Sephardic young woman had won the coveted crown.2 In these early decades of the twentieth century, when Zionist activity among Sephardim was still being defined and organized, the victory of Esther Bahbouth carried significant weight for this minority. The relationship between the Centro Sionista Sefaradí and the local Federación Sionista Argentina (made up of Ashkenazi Zionists) was conflictive, even an- tagonistic, and the Sephardim complained bitterly about the way in which the ‘majority’ of the Argentine Jewish community treated them. A Sephardi young woman in the Zionist dais, they rejoiced, clearly signaled to the Ashkenazim their undeniable commitment to the Zionist project.3

Copyright © 2012-2013 Estudios Interdisciplinarios de América Latina y el Caribe.
ISSN 0792-7061
Editores:  Ori Preuss; Nahuel Ribke
Instituto Sverdlin de Historia y Cultura de América Latina, Escuela de Historia
Universidad de Tel Aviv, Ramat Aviv,
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