Blood and Spirit : Paternity, Fraternity and Religious Self- fashioning in Luis de Carvajal's Spiritual Autobiography

How to Cite

Perelis, R. (2012). Blood and Spirit : Paternity, Fraternity and Religious Self- fashioning in Luis de Carvajal’s Spiritual Autobiography. Estudios Interdisciplinarios De América Latina Y El Caribe, 23(1), 77-98. Retrieved from


The subterranean networks of New World crypto-Judaism rarely thrived inisolation. Rather, as Jonathan I. Israel, Yosef Kaplan, and others have shown,these secret Jewish communities were connected to a global network of fel- low Conversos and openly professing Jews living throughout Europe and the Americas.2 These disparate groups were connected through a complex web of familial, economic, and cultural ties. Commercial links were solidified through marriage; therefore, business and family were inseparable. Real-world family connections made of “blood and treasure” were intertwined with a longing for family in metaphorical and spiritual terms. Beyond the bonds of flesh and blood, individual crypto-Jews found paternity and brotherhood with like-minded re- ligious searchers for a family of spirit inseparably connected with their family of flesh and blood. This paper explores the dialectical relationship between the socio-economic iteration of family and its more spiritual, metaphorical expres-sion within the context of New World crypto-Judaism.

Copyright © 2012-2013 Estudios Interdisciplinarios de América Latina y el Caribe.
ISSN 0792-7061
Editores:  Ori Preuss; Nahuel Ribke
Instituto Sverdlin de Historia y Cultura de América Latina, Escuela de Historia
Universidad de Tel Aviv, Ramat Aviv,
P.O.B. 39040 (69978), Israel.
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