Militant Roots: The Anti-Fascist Left in the Caribbean Basin, 1945-1954


Rómulo Betancourt
Tiburcio Carías
Caribbean Legion
José Figueres
Guatemalan Revolution
Anastasio Somoza
Rafael Trujillo

How to Cite

Moulton, A. C. (2017). Militant Roots: The Anti-Fascist Left in the Caribbean Basin, 1945-1954. Estudios Interdisciplinarios De América Latina Y El Caribe, 28(2), 14-29. Retrieved from


This article examines the birth of a militant left in the Caribbean Basin before the Cuban Revolution. Following the Second World War, various anti-dictatorial exiles tapped into anti-fascist ideals and networked with likeminded allies and influential democratic leaders. This Legión Caribe threatened the regimes of the Dominican Republic’s Rafael Trujillo, Nicaragua’s Anastasio Somoza, Honduras’s Tiburcio Carías, and others. From the Costa Rican Civil War through the Guatemalan Revolution, the Legión waged a regional battle over democracy and dictatorship while contributing to the rise of Fidel Castro.

Copyright © 2012-2013 Estudios Interdisciplinarios de América Latina y el Caribe.
ISSN 0792-7061
Editores:  Ori Preuss; Nahuel Ribke
Instituto Sverdlin de Historia y Cultura de América Latina, Escuela de Historia
Universidad de Tel Aviv, Ramat Aviv,
P.O.B. 39040 (69978), Israel.
Correo electrónico:
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