In 1821, José de San Martín established his government in Peru, “el
Protectorado.” At the same time, he initiated the persecution of the Spaniards
who had occupied key positions within the colonial administration, beginning
with the viceroy and the archbishop. Public servants, overseas traders, and
military men were also forced to emigrate with the purpose of returning to
Spain. During this journey, most of these emigrants made a stop in the port
of Rio de Janeiro in the Empire of Brazil. The present study examines the
temporary exile of four emblematic authorities: the viceroy, the archbishop,
an intendant, and a well-known judge (oidor), analyzing their situation as
political émigrés in the Brazilian port and stressing their particular views
and personal opinions on the process of independence in Peru, gleaned from
their declarations held in archives in Spain and Portugal.
Copyright © 2012-2013 Estudios Interdisciplinarios de América Latina y el Caribe.
Editores: Ori Preuss; Nahuel Ribke
Instituto Sverdlin de Historia y Cultura de América Latina, Escuela de Historia
Universidad de Tel Aviv, Ramat Aviv,
P.O.B. 39040 (69978), Israel.
Correo electrónico: email@example.com